Food Standards Agency (UK) 英國食品標準署
Update on melamine三聚氰胺最新公告
Friday 26 September 2008 2008年9月26日星期五
The European Commission has asked EU Member States to carry out checks
on all products imported from China that contain over 15% milk.
As part of their normal regime, local authorities at seaports and
airports carry out regular checks on imported food to ensure that it
meets strict EU food safety requirements.
All products from China containing more than 15% milk as an ingredient,
or products where the percentage of milk content cannot be established,
will be subject to documentary, identity and physical checks, including
laboratory analysis, to determine that any levels of melamine present in
the product do not exceed 2.5 mg/kg. Those products with more than
2.5mg/kg will be destroyed.
The Food Standards Agency works with port health authorities and local
authorities to ensure EU controls are strictly enforced. There has been
a longstanding ban on the import of milk and other products of animal
origin from China as controls on the food industry in China do not meet
the very strict requirements set in the EU.
At present, we have no evidence of contaminated products in the UK.
Should any be found, we will take appropriate action and provide updates
The Agency has today written to ports and local authorities across the
country to alert them to this new testing regime. The letters can be
found at the links below.
The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) has confirmed that the risk
from these composite products (food containing a proportion of milk
product) is low.
New Zealand melamine response update
26 September 2008 2008年9月26日
The New Zealand Food Safety Authority (NZFSA) has today been working
with other international food safety and health authorities to determine
the level of melamine in food that will present negligible risks to
“Since the identification of the problems in China, food safety
authorities all around the world have been working to identify public
health threshold levels for melamine. We know that the presence of this
chemical is part and parcel of our life today, apparently leaching from
plastics and contact materials during processing and packaging in trace
quantities. We also know that at low levels it causes us no harm.
Determining just how high levels have to be before there is a risk is
something we are all struggling with,” says Dr Geoff Allen, NZFSA
Director (Compliance & Investigation).
NZFSA has been in close contact with authorities in Australia, Canada,
Europe and the United States and elsewhere since the issue with melamine
adulteration in China became known.
“Over the past week, our scientists have been exchanging information
with their international colleagues. Last night, the European Food
Safety Authority updated its opinion on the estimated tolerable daily
intake (TDI) of melamine and left it unchanged at 0.5 mg/kg bodyweight (ie,
for every kg a person weighs they can safely consume 0.5 mg every day –
for a 20 kg child this is 10 mg; for a 70 kg adult the safe amount is 35
Based on this figure, which is very close to but lower than that of the
United States, NZFSA has adopted a conservative threshold of 5 ppm for
most foods. This means that it has been considered that foods containing
up to 5 ppm of melamine do not pose a risk to human health. However for
starter infant formula, this level will be set to the current level of
test detection of 1 ppm.
根據此一數據 --- 一個非常接近但低於美國標準的數據，紐西蘭食品安全署對大部分食物採用5 ppm（譯註：即5毫克/公斤）的一個保守的閾值。換句話說如果食品含有高達5 ppm之三聚氰胺，也不會對人體健康產生風險。但是對於嬰兒配方奶粉而言，此一數值將設定於目前所規定的1
If NZFSA detects amounts above these levels, a risk assessment will be
undertaken, taking into account how much melamine is in the food and how
much is likely to be eaten in a day. If it is likely that anticipated
consumption levels of the food will cause people to exceed the 0.5 mg/kg
bodyweight tolerable daily intake, or there is a suspicion of
adulteration, then the appropriate regulatory action will be taken.
The measures NZFSA has imposed at the border will provide further
assurances that products containing contaminated Chinese dairy
ingredients should not enter New Zealand. From Tuesday, Customs checks
will identify risk consignments at the border. Identified risk
consignments will be stopped on arrival and only released when they have
been found to meet New Zealand test requirements.
“New Zealand’s border measures are similar to those in place in
Australia and at least equal to those announced yesterday by the
European Union,” said Dr Allen. “While we are also continuing our
testing programme of risk foods containing dairy products from China
currently sold on the New Zealand market, to date we have found no
further reasons for concern. We will continue to post the results on our
website and to take action as appropriate. The bulk of the testing has
now been completed and provides a high level of assurance for the key
Should further results of concern be identified, NZFSA will again use
the most appropriate regulatory tool or tools to quickly advise
consumers of the risk and remove the product from supermarket shelves.
“New Zealand law is quite clear that importers and retailers are
responsible for ensuring the safety of the foods they sell, and are just
as responsible for informing consumers and removing those products from
shelves if required. NZFSA has powers to act to protect public health
should those selling non-compliant products refuse to fulfil their legal
responsibilities. We are pleased that, to date throughout this
international problem, New Zealand importers and retailers that we are
aware of are fully cooperating.”
NZFSA also today advised that it had completed its initial
investigations and confirmed that the locally produced product that has
been found to contain melamine is lactoferrin, a highly processed dairy
product that is used as an ingredient in a range of products.
“Melamine can be found in the food cycle in minute traces from a range
of sources. Explanations for its presence in this case include leaching
from plastic involved in processing or packaging, or other unintended
outcome of the manufacturing process. At these low levels, it does not
present any health risk for consumers,” said Dr Allen. “Further, because
it is much diluted in the final product, it is unlikely it would even be
detectable. In fact some of the products that we have already tested and
cleared contain lactoferrin.”
NZFSA will continue monitoring the actions being taken by key food
safety authorities in other countries and believes that our approach
will ensure New Zealand consumers have confidence in the New Zealand
Further comment: Geoff Allen, Director (Compliance & Investigation),
Further information: Gary Bowering, Manager (Communications), 029-894
All information on this website is subject to a disclaimer.
Contact for enquiries
New Zealand Food Safety Authority
68-86 Jervois Quay
PO Box 2835
Phone: +64 4 894 2500
Fax: +64 4 894 2501